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Africam Mammals Database

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Africam Mammals Database

Africam - Mammals Database

"Clicking on a name in the list, will take you directly to the animal"

  1. Aardvark
  2. Aardwolf
  3. African Wildcat
  4. Banded Mongoose
  5. Bat-eared Fox
  6. Black Rhino
  7. Black-backed Jackal
  8. Blue Wildebeest
  9. Brown Hyaena
  10. Buffalo
  11. Burchell's Zebra
  12. Bushbuck
  13. Cape Grysbok
  14. Cape Mountain Zebra
  15. Caracal
  16. Chackma Baboon
  17. Cheetah
  18. Civet
  19. Common Duiker
  20. Elephant
  21. Gemsbok
  22. Giraffe
  23. Grey Rhebok
  24. Hippopotamus
  25. Honey Badger
  26. Impala
  27. Klipspringer
  28. Kudu
  29. Large spotted Genet
  30. Leopard
  31. Lion
  32. Nyala
  33. Porcupine
  34. Red Duiker
  35. Reedbuck
  36. Rock Dassie
  37. Scrub Hare
  38. Serval
  39. Side-striped Jackal
  40. Slender Mongoose
  41. Spotted Hyaena
  42. Springbok
  43. Steenbok
  44. Tree Squirrel
  45. Vervet Monkey
  46. Warthog
  47. Waterbuck
  48. White Rhino
  49. White-tailed Mongoose
  50. Wild Dog

Aardvark ~ Orycteropus afer ~

picture taken from Leopard cam.

  • Seen rarely during day, active a night
  • Eats mainly ants & termites

 

Aardwolf ~ Proteles cristatus ~

picture taken from Leopard cam.

  • Seen singly, in pairs or small family groups
  • Mainly active at night
  • Eats mostly termites but will also eat other insects

Learn more about african wildlife & visit WildlifeCampus

 

African Wildcat ~ Felis lybica ~

picture taken from Leopard cam.

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Very similar in appearance to domestic cat but larger.
  • Solitary except when mating or when female has kittens

More information on the African Wildcat can be found in Africam's Bush School click here

 

Banded Mongoose ~ Mungos mungo ~

banded mongoose

pictures taken from Nkorho Cam.

  • Very distinctive mongoose with 10-12 dark-brown to black transverse bands on back.
  • Highly gregarious and social.
  • Feeds on insects and other invertebrates but will also take reptiles, birds and small rodents.

Listen to a Banded mongoose sound-file recorded at Elephant Plains cam click here

 

Bat-eared Fox ~ Otocyon megalotis ~

pictures taken from Leopard cam.

  • Normally seen in small groups.
  • Both diurnal and nocturnal activity has been seen
  • Will eat mostly insects (termites) and also rodents, fruits and reptiles.

 

Black rhino ~ Diceros bicornis ~

pictures taken from Tembe cam.

  • Also called hook-lipped rhino. Upper lip is adapted for feeding from trees and shrubs.
  • Black rhino are not black, they are more grey-brown color.
  • browsers
  • Females and subadults generally social, but bulls are typically solitary.

 

Black-backed jackal ~ Canis mesomelas ~

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Mainly nocturnal, but are also seen out in the day occasionally.
  • Lives singly or in pairs, and are sometimes in small packs.
  • Pairs form long-term pair-bond.
  • They are very territorial; each pair dominates a permanent territory.
  • Very broad diet, including small animals, birds, reptiles, wild fruit, berries and carrion.

More information on the Black-backed Jackal can be found in Africam's Bush School click here
Listen to a Black-backed Jackal sound-file recorded at Nkorho pan cam click here .

 

Blue wildebeest ~ Connochaetes taurinus ~

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Occurs in herds.
  • Shoulder height 135 - 150 cm
  • Grazers with preference for short grasses

 

Brown Hyaena ~ Hyaena brunnea ~

picture taken from Elephant (Tembe) cam.

  • Mainly nocturnal and are usually seen singly.
  • Unlike the Spotted Hyaena, the Brown Hyaena is not particularly vocal.
  • Scavengers but will also eat small vertebrates, insects, fruits.
  • Shoulder height 80 cm

 

Buffalo ~ Syncerus caffer ~

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Gregarious, living in mixed herds of males and females & calves
  • Bachelor herds may form herds away from the main group and rejoin later
  • Solitary bulls are encountered regularly.
  • Shoulder height 140 cm.
  • Bulk grazers with preference to longer dry grasses, occassinally will browse

More information about the Buffalo can be found in Africam's Bush School click here

 

Burchell’s Zebra ~ Equus burchellii ~

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Occurs either in bachelor herds, as solitary stallion or family herds consisting of
  • an adult stallion, mares and their foals
  • Grazers

Listen to a Burchell's Zebra sound-file recorded at Nkorho pan cam click here.

More information about the Burchell's Zebra can be found in Africam's Bush School Click here

 

Bushbuck ~ Tragelaphus scriptus ~

pictures taken from Elephant Plains cam.

  • Bright-chestnut to dark-brown antelope.
  • Only ram has horns.
  • Usually most active during early morning and part of the night.
  • Bushbuck are closely associated with water, and inhabit dense riverine bush.
  • The only non-territorial and solitary African antelope with neither males nor females defending any part of their home range.
  • Predominantly browsers but will also take grass.
  • Shoulder height 80 cm.

More information about the Bushbuck can be found in Africam's Bush School click here

 

Cape Grysbok ~ Raphicerus melanotis ~

picture taken from Leopard cam.

  • Small, shy antelope.
  • Usually seen solitary, lying up during the heat of day and active at night.
  • Browser, occasionally grazes and will eat fruit when available.

 

Cape mountain zebra ~ Equus zebra zebra ~

picture taken from leopard cam.

  • Lives in herds
  • Seen in mountainous areas
  • Grazers, but will occasionally browse

 

Caracal ~ Felis caracal ~

picture taken from leopard cam.

  • Mainly nocturnal, but can be seen during daylight hours
  • Seen solitary, except in mating season

 

Chacma Baboon ~ Papio ursinus ~

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Highly gregarious, lives in troops.
  • Diurnal
  • Very vocal.
  • Omnivorous, eats fruits, roots, seeds, leaves, flowers, insects; will also eat hares, mice and birds

Listen to a Chacma baboon sound-file recorded at Nkorho pan cam click here.

More information about the Chacma Baboon can be found in Africam's Bush School click here

 

Cheetah ~ Acinonyx jubatus ~

cheetah

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Seen singly, in pairs or small family of female and cubs
  • Active during daylight hours and at dusk and dawn
  • Fastest land animal, capable of accelerating to 112km/hour

More information on the Cheetah can be found in Africam's Bush School click here

 

Civet ~ Civettictis civetta ~

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Mainly nocturnal but often seen early morning or late afternoon
  • Eats insects, invertebrates, wild fruits, small rodents, reptiles, birds

More information on the Civet, can be found in Africam's Bush School click here

 

Common duiker ~ Sylvicapra grimmia ~

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Usually seen singly or in bond pairs
  • Shoulder height 50 cm
  • Active early morning, late afternoon and also at night
  • Only ram has horns
  • Browsers

 

Elephant ~ Loxodonta africana ~

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Found in :

- family groups, led by an older cow, the matriarch
- Bachelor herds
- Solitary bulls
- Family groups may come together to form large herds

  • Browsers and grazers, adults require at least 170kg of plant matter/day.

Listen to an Elephant sound-file recorded at Nkorho pan cam click here .

More information about the Elephant can be found in Africam's Bush School click here

 

Gemsbok ~ Oryx gazella ~

picture taken from leopard cam.

  • Gregarious, seen in herds.
  • Shoulder height 120 cm
  • Mainly grazers, but they will also browse.

 

Giraffe ~ Giraffa camelopardalis ~

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Active day and night
  • Gregarious, bulls only associate with cows temporarily
  • Old bulls often dark in colour
  • Browsers

More information about the Giraffe can be found in Africams Bush School click here

 

Grey Rhebok ~ Pelea capreolus ~

picture taken from Leopard cam.

  • Normally seen in small family groups.
  • Shoulder height 75 cm
  • Only male has vertical, almost straight horns.
  • Eats grasses.

 

Hippopotamus ~ Hippopotamus amphibius ~

hippo at nkorho, 2 February 2008

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Seen normally in herds, but solitary bulls are also seen.
  • Spends most of the day lying in water or lying on mud banks.
  • Depending on availability of food, the hippo can travel long distances at night to feed.
  • Can be extremely dangerous when provoked.
  • Grazers.

More information about the Hippo can be found in Africam's Bush School click here

 

Honey badger ~ Mellivora capensis ~


picture taken from Leopard cam.

  • Solitary animal but it has also been observed in small groups.
  • Mainly nocturnal but also seen early mornings and late afternoons
  • Omnivorous, will eat small reptiles, rodents, birds, insects but it also eats fruits, berries, roots, plants, eggs and honey.

 

Impala ~ Aepyceros melampus ~


pictures taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Seen in small herds, harems, bachelor herds
  • Shoulder height 75–95 cm
  • Only antelope with black tufts of hair above hoofs on hind-legs
  • Only rams carry horns
  • Grazers but will also browse occasionally

Listen to an Impala sound-file recorded at Nkorho pan cam click here .

More information about the Impala can be found in Africam's Bush School click here

 

Klipspringer ~ Oreotragus oreotragus ~

picture taken from Leopard cam.

  • Seen in pairs or small family groups.
  • Shoulder height 60 cm
  • Walks on hoof-tips
  • Only ram has horns
  • Browsers, but will take grass occasionally

 

Kudu ~ Tragelaphus strepsiceros ~

pictures taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Small herds
  • Shoulder height 140-155 cm
  • Can easily jump 2 meter high fences
  • Browser, occasionally will graze

More information about the Kudu can be found in Africam's Bush School click here

 

Large spotted Genet ~ Genetta tigrina ~


pictures taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • mainly nocturnal
  • Will eat insects, small rodents, reptiles, birds and other small mammals as well as wild fruits.

More information about the Large Spotted Genet can be found in Africam's Bush School click here

 

Leopard ~ Panthera pardus ~

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Solitary, except females with cubs and in mating season
  • Active at night but can be seen moving during daylight hours
  • Males mark & defend territories against other males. A Male's territory may overlap that of several females.
  • Leopard has a call that has been likened to the sound of a coarse saw cutting wood. click here to listen to their call

More information on the Leopard can be found in Africam's Bush School click here

 

Lion ~ Panthera leo ~

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Living in prides
  • Most of the activity takes place at night and in the cooler daylight hours
  • Pride males don't usually hunt because the manes and large size makes them less succesfull than lionesses. Instead they live off the effort of their females, using their dominant status to appropriate food.

Listen to a Lion sound-file recorded at Nkorho pan cam click here .

More information about the Lion can be found in Africam's Bush School click here

 

Nyala ~ Tragelaphus angasii ~

picture taken from Elephant Plains cam.

  • Seen in small groups of females and lambs or rams.
  • Solitary rams are also seen.
  • Shoulder height 97-115 cm
  • Only ram has horns
  • Browsers, but will take grass during rains.

More information about the Nyala can be found in Africam's Bush School click here

 

Porcupine ~ Hystrix africaeaustralis ~

picture taken from Leopard cam.

  • Mostly solitary, but also seen in pairs and family groups
  • Porcupines are primarily nocturnal, although they may be seen during the day.
  • Vegetarian, eating roots, tubers, bark of trees and bulbs. Also eats fruits.

 

Red Duiker ~ Cephalophus natalensis ~

Red Duiker

picture taken from Tembe cam.

  • Feeds on leaves, shoots, fruits and berries.
  • General colours is reddish-brown, underparts, chin and throat are paler than the rest of the body
  • Both sexes carry short, straight horns.
  • Shoulder height : + 43 cm

 

Reedbuck ~ Redunca arundinum ~


reedbuck reedbuck


reedbuck

pictures taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Usually in pairs or family groups
  • Shoulder height 80–95 cm
  • Only ram has horns
  • Both nocturnal and diurnal
  • Grazers, will browse occasionally

Listen to a Reedbuck sound-file recorded at Nkorho pan cam click here .

 

Rock Dassie ~ Procavia capensis ~

pictures taken from Leopard cam.

  • Although dassies appear rodent-like, their closest living relative is the African elephant.
  • Found in rocky areas.
  • Feeds in morning and afternoon, spends lots of time basking in the sun.
  • Eats mainly grass, shrubs and succulent leaves.

 

Scrub hare ~ Lepus saxatilis ~

Scrub Hare

scrub hare


picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Nocturnal, but sometimes seen early morning and late afternoon
  • Grazer, but will also feed on other plants

 

Serval ~ Leptailrus Serval ~

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Mainly nocturnal.
  • Servals have a very acute sence of hearing, it is even able to locate sounds of prey moving underground.
  • Solitary, only seen in pairs for a few days when the female is in heat.
  • Their diet consists of rodents, reptiles, frogs, insects and small birds caught in mid air.

 

Side-striped jackal ~ Canis adustus ~


pictures taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • They are mainly nocturnal, but are also seen early morning and late afternoon.
  • Grey-brownish colour, dark tail with a white tip.
  • Has paler stripes that run alongside the flanks of the body, from a distance the stripes are not too distinct.
  • Omnivorous - diet including small animals,birds, reptiles, insects, wild fruit, carrion

Listen to a Side-striped jackal sound-file recorded at Nkorho pan cam click here .

 

Slender mongoose ~ Galerella sanguinea ~

pictures taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Usually solitary
  • Diet of insects, other invertebrates, reptiles, small rodents, birds, wild fruits

 

Spotted hyaena ~ Crocuta crocuta ~

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Lives in clans lead by a dominant alpha female
  • All females are dominant over males
  • Very vocal
  • Mainly nocturnal but frequently seen during day
  • Shoulder height 85 cm

Listen to a Spotted hyaena sound-file recorded at Nkorho pan cam click here .

More information on the Spotted Hyaena can be found in Africam's Bush School click here

 

Springbok ~ Antidiorcas masupialis ~


picture taken from Leopard cam.

  • Seen in herds
  • Shoulder height 75 cm
  • Both sexes have horns
  • Selective feeders, they browse and graze

 

Steenbok ~ Raphicerus campestris ~

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Singly or in pairs
  • Shoulder height 50 cm
  • Only rams has short vertical horns
  • Mixed feeder

 

Tree Squirrel ~ Paraxerus cepapi ~

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Very variable in colour
  • Arboreal animal, but it will spend a lot of time on the ground, looking for food
  • Eats a wide variety of plant food and wild fruits.

More information about the Tree Squirrel can be found in Africam's Bush School click here

 

Vervet monkey ~ Cercopithecus aethiops ~

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Lives in troops
  • Omnivorous, eats fruits, seeds, leaves, buds, fllowers, herbs and grasses, insects millipedes and occasionally lizards

 

Warthog ~ Phacochoeerus aethiopicus ~

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Predominantly diurnal
  • Eats short grasses, fruits, seeds, herbs , shrubs and sedges
  • When grazing they often kneel on front legs

More information about the Warthog can be found in Africam's Bush School click here

 

Waterbuck ~ Kobus ellipsiprymnus ~


pictures taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Gregarious, small herds, harems, bachelor herds
  • Shoulder height 120 - 136 cm
  • Only male has horns
  • Easy to identify with broad white ring around rump
  • Grazer, but will also browse

 

White rhino ~ Ceratotherium simum ~

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • The White rhino has a square mouth, as opposed to the Black rhino’s hooked lipped mouth.
  • Active during cooler daylight hours but also seen at night
  • Grazers, preference for short grass

Listen to a White Rhino sound-file recorded at Nkorho pan cam click here.

More information about the White Rhino can be found in Africam's Bush School click here

 

White-tailed mongoose ~ Ichneumia albicauda ~

white-tailed mongoose

picture taken from Nkorho pan cam.


  • Very large mongoose, with distinctively long white tail
  • Nocturnal, usually solitary but occasionally pairs may be seen.
  • Eats insects and other invertebrates, will also take rodents, amphibians, birds and wild fruits.

Learn more about african wildlife & visit WildlifeCampus

 

Wild Dog ~ Lycaon pictus ~

pictures taken from Nkorho pan cam.

  • Their scientific name Lycaon pictus means "painted wolf".
  • Wild dogs are gregarious animals that form packs of up to 40 animals.
  • A Wild Dog pack is headed by a dominant male and female.
  • Primarly diurnal, doing must of his hunting in the cooler morning- or late afternoon hours.
  • Wild dog will hunt medium-sized antelopes, such as springbok, impala and blue wildebeest but also take animals as small as rabbits and as large as kudu or zebra. They hunt in organized packs, with the alpha female or male leading the hunt.
  • Wild dogs are an endangered species, the principal threats to wild dogs are conflict with human activities and infectious diseases. Both of these are mediated by habitat fragmentation, which increases contact between wild dogs,humans and domestic dogs.