AFRICA- & SOUTH AFRICA

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SOUTH AFRICA  COIN  BANK NOTES

The rand was introduced on 14 February 1961.

A Decimal Coinage Commission had been set up in 1956 to consider a move away from the denominations of pounds, shillings and pence, submitting its recommendation on 8 August 1958. It replaced the south african pound as legal tender, at the rate of 2 rand = 1 pound or 10 shillings  to the rand. This took place in the same year that the REPUBLIC OF SOUTH AFRICA was established.

Coins of the South African rand

1/2c, 1c and 5c coins issued between 1961 and 1964.

 

South African coins issued

between 1965 and  1988

South Africa 2006 circulating coins

RAND COINS

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RAND  BANK NOTES

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SOUTH AFRICA FLAG HISTORY

SOUTH AFRICA  FIRST FLAG

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South African Red Ensign

[flag of South  Africa of 1910]

South Africa's first flag (1910- 1928). It was a red ensign (a red flag with the Union Jack in the upper left corner) and it had a crest on the fly with four quarters, in each of which were the emblems of the former provinces - CAPE -NATAL -TRANSVAAL -ORANGE FREE STATE

After the ANGLO-BORE WAR  from 1899 to 1902 and the formation of the  UNION OF SOUTH AFRICA in 1910, the BRITISH UNION FLAG   became the national flag of South Africa. As was the case throughout the BRITISH EMPIRE , the RED  and BLUE ENSIGN with the Union coat of arms were granted by British Admiralty warrants in 1910 for use at sea.

History and meaning of the flag

This became the first flag of a united South Africa on 27 April 1994, at the same time that South Africa held its first democratic elections and Nelson Mandela became president.

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Africa's oldest map unveiled

The oldest map of the African continent, dating back to 1389, has gone on display in Cape Town.

CLICK HERE

http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_z_2rJC8D5-g/SdkBvr669vI/AAAAAAAAA_Y/1Pr-1FARfXg/s400/africamap300_400_afp_BWmchvSuL3w9.jpg

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SOUTH AFRICA;S            OLDEST NEWSPAPER

TWO  SAY THEIR THE OLDEST  ?

 

THE HERALD      1845

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Founded in 1845 as the Eastern Province Herald, the Herald is one of South Africa's oldest newspapers. Its first edition - four pages - came out on May 7 1845 and cost one penny. The Herald is owned by Johnnic Publishing and distributed in the Eastern Cape, with its main base in Port Elizabeth.

  • Average daily sales: 30 230
  • Average daily readers: 193 000

THE WITNESS          1846

South Africa's oldest newspaper, the Witness, serves English readers throughout KwaZulu-Natal, with most of its readers in greater Pietermaritzburg and inland KwaZulu-Natal. Owned by Media24, it was formerly known as the Natal Witness.

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South African music HISTORY

The Early Banjo in the New World

http://www.shlomomusic.com/images/ramkie,%20Southern%20Africa%20(1834).%20300%20DPI.jpg


The story of the banjo begins in the 17th century

when African slaves in the New World

began making and playing lute-type string instruments

with drum-like gourd bodies. In 1678,

CLICK HERE

CLICK HERE

The Khoikhoi ("people people" or "real people")

The Khoi-Khoi, for instance, developed the ramkie,

a guitar with three or four strings,

http://www.edukbr.com.br/artemanhas/gifs/saw.jpg

The mamokhorong was a single-string violin

that was used by the Khoi in their own music-making

African Drum History

The Djembe is the drum of the Mandinka people,

and its origins dates back to the great Mali Empire

of the 12th century



CLICK HERE

CLICK HERE

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THE FIRST  TELECMMUNICATION IN

SOUTH AFRICA

SINGLE LINE TELEGRAPH

CAPE TOWN  AND SIMONSTOW

CLICK HERE FOR EARLY MODLES

For almost a century and a half, since the company installed the first telegraph line in Africa from Simonstown to Cape Town in 1860

It was built for the benefit of shipping and commerce. The line itself was a single galvanised iron wire mounted on wood poles with porcelain insulators. The return circuit was via the ground.

TELEPHONES INTRODUCED The first telephone line in South Africa is reported to have been from Roodebloem (Woodstock, Cape Town) to the Castle of Good Hope. This line was originally installed as part of the telegraph system. A telephone network was started in Cape Town with eleven sets of "microphone apparatus" in 1877. By 1880 there were doctors and others in Cape Town who had installed telephones in their private houses, and in 1881 a line was in use from the Docks to the Customs Building in Adderley Street.

The first telephone exchange in South Africa was installed at Port Elizabeth in 1881 and had 25 lines. There were 44 subscribers in 1882. Cape Town had an exchange with 50 subscribers in 1884. Pretoria had a telephone service from 1890 and Johannesburg

POSSIBLY LIKE THIS  BELL

TELEPHONE

 

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Pipes & Drums


"The Champion of Champions 2003,2004,2006,2007,2008 and 2009"

The Transvaal Scottish Pipes and Drums is South Africa's oldest and most well-known pipe band. The band has a rich heritage dating back to 1902 and it enjoys a massive local following.

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Tartans
The regimental tartan is the "Murray of Atholl" and is worn by the Transvaal Scottish drummers. The pipers wear the "Murray of Tullibardine". Both tartans symbolise the regiment's connections to the Duke of Atholl the founding member who granted the right to the use of these tartans and thus symbolising the link back to the Atholl Highlanders.

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Phillippa, Lady Scott

(born Felicity Philippa Talbot-Ponsonby

22 November 1918 – 5 January 2010)

Born in Bloemfontein, South Africa,

 

http://i.telegraph.co.uk/telegraph/multimedia/archive/01557/lady-scott_1557809f.jpg

Philippa Scott obituary

Wildlife photographer and champion

of conservation with her husband,

Sir Peter Scott

If Sir Peter Scott – the only son of Scott of the Antarctic, founder of the Wildfowl and Wetlands Trust, co-founder of the World Wide Fund for Nature and prolific wildlife artist – was a great man, then Philippa Scott was the great woman behind him.

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Lady Philippa Scott: Conservationist and wildlife photographer

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Born in Bloemfontein, South Africa

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Lady Philippa Scott, a former vice president of the Galapagos Conservation

Lady PS C1 - 1067.jpg

Waved Albatross - Lady Philippa Scott

Seen here is a beautiful Waved Albatross image, just one of the many that Lady Scott donated to GCT's slide library.

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TYPES OF  FARMING IN SOUTH AFRICA

largest crocodile farm in South Africa

http://www.buzzle.com/img/articleImages/240401-45210-59.jpg

Thaba Kwena Crocodile Farm

Thaba Kwena Crocodile Farm,is the largest commercial crocodile farm

in southern hemisphere.They have approximately 22000 crocodiles

Farm Crocodile from South Africa

LIMPOPO PROVINCE  South Africa open to the public,

CILCK HERE

NILE CROCODILE

click here

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Africa's largest all-in-one EMU farming operation.

EMU FACTS click here

click here images

click here

The African Emu Ranch started in 1990 with Peter Duncan acquiring his first 4 Emu chicks. After raising them he developed a passion for these flightless birds, and progressed to rearing in excess of 100 birds today

  • In our Fully Automatic Incubators we can incubate approximately 3500 eggs in a season (April - November).

  • We also have the most comprehensive genetic pool of local and Imported Breeding birds in Africa.

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South Africa

CAPE OF GOOD HOPE

cape of good hope - the worlds first

triangular shaped postage stamp

The first stamp issued in South Africa was the Cape Triangular stamp introduced in 1853.

The stamp has two values - the four pence blue

and the one penny red

Cape  Of Good Hope SG8


1892-1897     6 pence

Identify Coins

one penny

LOL FIRST ENVELOPE

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ELIM  CAPE  AGULHAS SOUTH AFRICA

largest wooden water wheel in South Africa

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Elim was founded by German missionaries in 1824 and is inhabited by members of the Moravian Church only

The water mill, built in 1833 and restored in 1990, has the largest wooden water wheel in South Africa and is again grinding wheat as it did in days gone by.

One of the last of the working water-mills of the Cape is in Elim. In its heyday the mill had a curiously graceful air of old-fashioned elegance. Its heavy, slow-turning grindstones produced whole wheat flour of superb aroma and taste. The whirr of its racks, the rumbling of the grindstone and the merry splashing of water created an atmosphere of honest work and pride in its production. The mill was declared a national monument in 1974

ALSO AT  ELIM

http://www.corbisimages.com/images/67/7A604CFC-A91E-4D6F-82A4-CB450383B57A/AB002723.jpg

only monument celebrating the abolition of slavery (in 1835) in South Africa.

The Slave Monument is the only monument of its kind to commemorate the liberation of slaves in the Cape.

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