Nyala - did you know
- ONLY male has horns.
- Both sexes have a white chevron between the eyes.
- Active during night and day.
- Herds are temporary and fluid, altough ewe's and lambs groups are the most stable. Males become solitary as they mature.
- Non-territorial and living in overlapping homeranges.
- Found in thickets and densely wooded lowlands generally near water, may be seen in open areas adjacent to bushed or tree cover.
- Young calves remain hidden up to 3 weeks, during which time the mother will return to nurse it. Yearlings will often remain with their mother after the next calf is born, but courting males will drive adolescent males away when the mother re-enters in oestrus.
- Principally a browser but will also graze on fresh grass during rains. They eat the leaves, twigs, flowers and fruits of many different species of plants.
- Nyala will follow feeding baboons, taking advantage of the fruits and leaves that the baboons dislodge from trees.
- Adult males fight when in the presence of a female in oestrus. A nyala bull displays with the dorscal crest fully erected, parading slowly with high steps, in full display he curls his tail over his back and lowers his head so that the horns are pointing forward.
Nyala at Elephant Plains
- Nyala give a deep dog-like bark. They also react to the alarm calls of several other species like impala, baboon and kudu.
- Nyala are very shy and are very cautious when approaching open spaces.
- Females and juvenile Nyala males have a red/brown coat but with aging the males get a charcoal/gray colour.
- Shoulder height : 90-115 cm
Wild Ways – Peter Apps
Beat about the Bush – Trevor Carnaby
Safari Companion - Richard D. Estes
Behaviour guide to African mammals - Richard D. Estes
Kingdon Field Guide to African mammals - Jonathan Kingdon