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Warthog - did you know

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Warthog - did you know



Phacochoerus aethiopicuswarthog

  • are diurnal and shelter in large burrows at night. Burrows are used by different groups on a first-come,first-served basis. Many of their burrows have been created by other animals, although warthogs will excavate their own burrows.
  • A warthog will enter his burrow backwards so that anything that follows has to face his tusks.
  • Although Spotted Hyaena will eat warthog, there have been cases recorded that they will use the same burrows simultaneously or at different times.


Warthog family arriving at the den of a Spotted Hyaena in Kruger National Park

  • Lives in matriarchial groups called sounders, consisiting of a female with young or bachelor groups. Sexually active males usually move freely and alone except when with a female in heat.
  • Males are not territorial but will fight for mating opportunities.
  • Warthog males has 2 pair of warts on the face, one set next to the eyes and the other on the cheeks. Females only have the eye warts. both male and female warthog have 2 pair of tusks. In the female the tusks are shorter.


  • Warthogs have a good sense of smell and hearing but the eyesight is relatively poor.
  • Will hold their tails up like aerials so that they can see each other better in high grass.
  • Are grazers but will also browse and eat fruits, seeds, roots etc. It uses its snouth to dig up roots, bulbs and earthworms. Because its neck is short and thick it will kneel to graze.


  • piglets are born after a gestation period of 5 1/2 months.
  • shoulder height : female 60 cm - male 70 cm


Wild Ways – Peter Apps 

Beat about the Bush – Trevor Carnaby

Safari Companion - Richard D. Estes

Behaviour guide to African mammals - Richard D. Estes

Kingdon Field Guide to African mammals - Jonathan Kingdon



Did you know...